Impacto do Treino Cognitivo Computadorizado em Adultos com Depressão Moderada a Grave
Um estudo piloto
The major cognitive domains that present changes in depressive disorders include memory, attention, and executive functions. Several studies have shown that cognitive deficits tend to remain after the remission of other depressive symptoms. Recent research has suggested that computerized cognitive training (CCT) may be an effective treatment option since interventions using technology seem to show more benefits in stimulating cognitive functions and quality of life when compared to traditional training programs. This pilot study evaluates the impact of a CCT using COGWEB® in patients with moderate to severe depression (n=20), namely on humor (severity of depressive symptoms) and on a set of cognitive functions (attention, memory and executive function). A sample of clinical patients was divided into an experimental group, who performed two cognitive training sessions per week (a total of 12 sessions), and a control group, who received no cognitive training. Both groups underwent a pre- and post-test (before and after the intervention) that included the Beck Depression Inventory and a battery of neuropsychological tests (Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Trail Making Test A and B, Clock Drawing Test, Stroop Color and Word Test, and Auditory Verbal Learning Test). In general, the patients who received CCT showed an improvement in depressive symptoms and positive changes in all cognitive functions under analysis when compared to the group of patients who did not receive the cognitive computer training – these, in the post-test, presented worse results in all the evaluated domains.
Keywords: depression, cognitive training, attention, memory, executive functions.
Copyright (c) 2020 Ana Malta, Óscar Ribeiro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in the JDMI agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0. This licensing allows others to share the work with no changes and acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal, but not for commercial use.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Copyrights to illustrations published in the journal remain with their current copyright holders.
It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to quote from copyright sources.
Any fees required to obtain illustrations or to secure copyright permissions are the responsibility of authors.
All correspondence concerning contributions, books and other review material should be sent to: email@example.com