Analysis of the pattern of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma in the world: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Epidemiologic Review of oro-maxillofacial trauma
Purpose: The objective of this review was to determine the prevalence of the oral maxillofacial trauma injuries and their relationship with sex, age, and etiology of in the world.
Materials and Methods: All articles were published in the English language in databases such as Google Scholar, EBSCO, PubMed, NCBI, Medline, ELSEVIER and SCOPUS were reviewed for oral maxillofacial trauma from the world during the last 11 years (between 2010-2020). Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist was used to access the Risk of Bias. Grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and the evaluation (GRADE) method was applied to assess the quality of the evidence. The studies were distributed into five group of countries: Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Muslin regions.
Results and Conclusions: The results show that road traffic accidents (55.37%) were the most frequent type of trauma, followed by assault (17.56%) and falls (10.21%). Fractures were the most prevalent injuries (84.3%). It was possible to establish an association between road traffic accidents and Asian countries. Assaults are more frequent in Africa, predominantly males, whilst falls increase with age, amongst women, in European countries. Fratures are usually observed in Muslin regions.
Copyright (c) 2022 Cristiana Palmela Pereira, Catarina Gonçalves, Fátima Brilhante, Adriana Santos, Ana Rodrigues, Diana Augusto, Francisco Salvado, Rui Santos
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