Analysis of the pattern of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma in the world: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Epidemiologic Review of oro-maxillofacial trauma

Keywords: Accidents, Epidemiology, Injuries, Oro-maxillofacial, Trauma

Abstract

 

Purpose: The objective of this review was to determine the prevalence of the oral maxillofacial trauma injuries and their relationship with sex, age, and etiology of in the world.

Materials and Methods: All articles were published in the English language in databases such as Google Scholar, EBSCO, PubMed, NCBI, Medline, ELSEVIER and SCOPUS were reviewed for oral maxillofacial trauma from the world during the last 11 years (between 2010-2020). Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist was used to access the Risk of Bias. Grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and the evaluation (GRADE) method was applied to assess the quality of the evidence. The studies were distributed into five group of countries: Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Muslin regions.

Results and Conclusions: The results show that road traffic accidents (55.37%) were the most frequent type of trauma, followed by assault (17.56%) and falls (10.21%). Fractures were the most prevalent injuries (84.3%). It was possible to establish an association between road traffic accidents and Asian countries. Assaults are more frequent in Africa, predominantly males, whilst falls increase with age, amongst women, in European countries. Fratures are usually observed in Muslin regions.

Author Biographies

Catarina Gonçalves

Student of Postgraduate Specialisation Course in Forensic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal.Research Unit in Oral and Biomedical Sciences (UICOB), Research Group in Forensic Dental Sciences (FORENSEMED) of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon.

Fátima Brilhante, Integrated Researcher CEAUL

Integrated researcher at Centre of Statistics and Applications, University of Lisbon (CEAUL), Portugal.

Adriana Santos

Research Unit in Oral and Biomedical Sciences (UICOB), Research Group in Forensic Dental Sciences (FORENSEMED) of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon. Junior Researcher of the CEAUL Forensic Analysis Group.

Ana Rodrigues

Student of Postgraduate Specialisation Course in Forensic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Research Unit in Oral and Biomedical Sciences (UICOB), Research Group in Forensic Dental Sciences (FORENSEMED) of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon.

Diana Augusto

Student of Postgraduate Specialisation Course in Forensic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Research Unit in Oral and Biomedical Sciences (UICOB), Research Group in Forensic Dental Sciences (FORENSEMED) of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Lisbon.

Francisco Salvado

Professor at Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon. Collaborator researcher at the Centre of Statistics and Applications of University of Lisbon (CEAUL), Portugal. Head of Stomatology Department (Santa Maria Hospital - Lisbon).

Rui Santos

Auxiliary professor at the Department of Mathematics, School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal. Integrated researcher at Centre of Statistics and Applications, University of Lisbon (CEAUL), Portugal.

Published
2022-07-20
How to Cite
Palmela Pereira, C., Gonçalves, C., Brilhante, F., Santos, A., Rodrigues, A., Augusto, D., Salvado, F., & Santos, R. (2022). Analysis of the pattern of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma in the world: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Statistics on Health Decision, 4(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.34624/jshd.v4i1.28384

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