Localization techniques for autonomous mobile robots

  • João Silva
  • Nuno Lau
  • António J. R. Neves


Mobile autonomous robotics is nowadays an area of study much addressed by research teams worldwide. One of the main challenges to create robots that can be really autonomous is the self-localization problem. For a robot to be able to plan a motion and move in a useful way, it should know where it is in the environment. Otherwise, it would just move randomly, probably not being useful at all. Then, there is also the case when one does not have a map to provide to the robot. In a map and localize itself relatively to it on runtime. This document aims to provide a brief presentation of these problems and some of the currently used solutions.